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Athens, Sparta and the Battle of Marathon

Greek runner Pheidippides collapses and dies on his return to Athens

Circa 490 BC, Greek runner Pheidippides collapses and dies on his return to Athens, after running from Marathon with news of the Greek victory in battle over the Persian forces. It is this run that spawned the modern long-distance 'marathon' race, run over about 42 km, (Photo by Rischgitz/Getty Images)

Getting Started

Begin your research by brainstorming keywords - the words and phrases you’ll use to search for books, articles, websites, government documents, and other resources. These may include names of people and places or historical concepts like eras and movements. A librarian can suggest “subject headings” to find the most relevant resources.

Example Keywords & Catalog Subject Headings

The Battle of Marathon
Marathon, Battle of, Greece, 490 B.C.
Pheidippides, fl. 490 B.C.
Ancient Sparta
Greece; Enemies; Battlefields; Invasion

Database/Online Resources

Library databases are online collections of information, organized for research. Databases contain articles, eBooks, images, maps, primary sources and more. If you don’t have a library card, register online for immediate access to these resources.The following recommended databases are available on our Research and Teen Social Studies pages.

Explora High School

Look up topic overviews, magazine and academic journal articles, facts and primary sources for research papers, class projects or homework. Get information from trustworthy sources that you can cite in your papers. Designed with students and educators in mind.

Available in library or with library card.

Prospector: Materials from Other Colorado and Wyoming Libraries

​​As a Denver Public Library customer, you can also borrow materials from other libraries in Colorado and Wyoming. Use Prospector to request materials that DPL does not own.

Internet Sources

Before using information you find on the internet for assignments and research, it is important to establish that the information comes from a reliable and appropriate source. The following websites, from government, academic and nonprofit organizations, have been evaluated for authority, accuracy, content and currency.

The British Museum's collection of online Ancient Greek resources.
Connective database of ancient texts and their translations.

Contact the Reference Services department for help with your research project